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Agence Fruits et Legumes Frais (APRIFEL)

Freshfel Europe

International Fruit and Vegetables Alliance (IFAVA)

International Society for Horticultural Science Commission on Fruits and Vegetables and Health

Nutrition, Information, Communication & Health (FAO)


School Gardens (FAO)

World Health Organization of the United Nations (WHO) 


Codex Alimentarius main purposes of this Programme are protecting health of the consumers and ensuring fair trade practices in the food trade, and promoting coordination of all food standards work undertaken by international governmental and non-governmental organizations

World Health Organization. Promotion of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Around the World (PROFAV or PROFEL)

INFOODS goal is to stimulate and coordinate efforts to improve the quality and availability of food analysis data worldwide and to ensure that anyone anywhere would be able to obtain adequate and reliable food composition data


Please go to the horticultural events section for upcoming events.

Agriculture and nutrition: simple it isn't

It sounds like a no-brainer. Increase agricultural production, and you’re sure to improve nutrition among poor food producers and consumers, right?

Wrong. A host of factors make the links between agriculture and nutrition a lot more complex than many professionals in both sectors have assumed. This emerged strongly at the CGIAR Science Forum 2013, held in Bonn last September. The meeting marked the fact that CGIAR has at last brought nutrition in from the cold, affording it a place in its mandate for the first time in its 42-year history. Its new programme on agriculture and nutrition needed ideas on what it should be doing.

The answer is plenty. For participants from both camps, the forum revealed an embarrassing lack of evidence on what works and what doesn’t.


New Book: Food Safety, Security and Defense: Focus on Technologies and Innovations

Food Safety, Security and Defense: Focus on Technologies and Innovations. Conference convened by the Institute on Science for Global Policy ISGP at the Villa Quaranta Park Hotel near Verona, Italy April 14–17, 2013

ISBN: 978-0-9830882-6-4




An ongoing series of dialogues and critical debates examining the role of science and technology in advancing effective domestic and international policy decisions. Includes an interesting discussion on biotechnology and postharvest technologies.




>>>Full Book (PDF)




Article: Entry points into a nutrition-sensitive agriculture

Jaenicke, H, Virchow D. 2013. Entry points into a nutrition-sensitive agriculture. Food Sec 5:679-92.

"This paper presents a synthesis of a recent desk study which took stock of innovative approaches to improve the positive nutrition-related impacts of agriculture and related food systems and provides recommendations for future programmes. By providing an overview on specific cross-cutting themes relevant to nutrition-sensitive agriculture and presenting examples from various countries on how nutrition objectives can be incorporated into the agro-food systems, the paper identifies commonalities and parameters that are entry points into a system within which local nutrition-sensitive agriculture approaches will have a realistic chance of success."

Recent FAO report, "The State of Food Insecurity in the World," highlights weaknesses in diet improvements in Africa and Southern Asia

The State of Food Insecurity in the World: The Multiple Dimensions of Food Security. Rome: FAO, 2013 argues that food availability is much improved but progress is uneven across regions and over time.

"Only Africa and Southern Asia did not benefit fully from the improvements: diets in these regions remain imbalanced and heavily dependent on cereals and roots and tubers."

The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Acknowledges GlobalHort for their Work in Nutrition Security

A recent article, "Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Nutritional Security in Developing Nations: Sustainable Food, Water, and Health," published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (2013;113:581-595) has included GlobalHort in their list of organizations working for nutrition security.


This article states that, "It the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that all people  should have consistent access to an appropriately nutritious diet of food  and water, coupled with a sanitary environment, adequate health  services, and care that ensure a healthy and active life for all household members. The Academy supports policies, systems, programs, and practices that work with developing nations to achieve nutrition security and self-sufficiency while being environmentally and economically sustainable."

New FAO Book: The State of Food and Agriculture 2013

Malnutrition in all its forms – undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, and overweight and obesity – imposes unacceptably high economic and social costs on countries at all income levels. The State of Food and Agriculture 2013: Food systems for better nutrition argues that improving nutrition and reducing these costs must begin with food and agriculture. The traditional role of agriculture in producing food and generating

income is fundamental, but agriculture and the entire food system – from inputs and production, through processing, storage, transport and retailing, to consumption – can contribute much more to the eradication of malnutrition.


Making the business case for sustainable food

In the Tuesday 12 February 2013 issue of The Guardian Bruce Cogill, programme leader of nutrition and marketing diversity at Bioversity International; Jessica Fanzo, director of nutrition policy at the center for globalisation and sustainable development at Columbia University; and  Tim Lang is professor of food policy at the Centre for Food Policy at City University in London published an article "Making the business case for sustainable food  Scrutinising the issues around diet, disease and poverty will allow us to make informed choices about how to tackle them"

The authors contend that sustainable diets represent a move away from focusing on single nutrients and foods as a basis for good nutrition towards studying food systems in a comprehensive sustainable manner. They feel that it is possible that a greater emphasis on food systems that embrace the sustainable diet concept will reap nutritional and livelihood benefits for small farmers, food manufacturers and consumers across the globe.

They conclude that we should look ahead to the next set of challenges such as the post-2015 Millennium Development Goals, the UN-led Zero Hunger Challenge and the reduced stunting target set by prime minister David Cameron at the London Olympics. There is an opportunity to look beyond another global target to engaging the business community and the scientific community to approach complicated issues with thoughtful negotiated approaches, that link the needs of consumers and farmers.


Promotion of Vegetables and Fruit Conference (PROVAF 2012) held in Ghana Sept. 20-22, 2012




The Ghana Institute of Horticulturists (GhIH) held a conference on “Production and Consumption of Vegetables and Fruits: The Wealth and Health of a Nation” to dialogue, share experiences and provide economically viable solutions to issues that will improve the vegetables and fruits industry in Ghana.  This conference was held in concert with The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), The World Health Organization (WHO) and The Global Horticulture Initiative (GlobalHort).

GlobalHort expresses its thanks to GhIH and especially to the conveners, Francis Appiah and Patrick Kumah, who together did an excellent job organizing the 13th AGM and the PROVAF topic over the three days. GlobalHort had the opportunity to discuss in more depth the strategy for GhIH/Ghana horticulture, suggesting some  milestones and motivational methods for the management and implementation of GhIH activities. These can be summarized as follows:

1. Holistic approach of the PROVAF, as inclusive as possible, not exclusive. Share responsibilities, stimulate concerted initiatives, offer each group to focus on a topic of its choice for more ownership and self motivation (school gardening, urban waste, organic production, ...).
2. Innovative approach rather than business as usual in the research and partnership: ecological intensification, food system approach, agriculture-nutrition linkages, rural-urban linkages, interdisciplinary collaboration (agronomy-nutrition-socio-economy...).
3. Think global, work local with community groups, local authorities, urban planners, farmers organizations, NGOs, input suppliers, industries... Offer its services and competences for assessing a situation, producing and analyzing objective and original data, gathering stakeholders around discussion tables and fora. Place events and deliverables in your action plan to increase GhIH visibility and provide arguments to your partners to support your ideas on horticulture for health and wealth.

GlobalHort and FAO will continue to assist GhIH particularly in the perspective to see "urban horticulture" as the main topic for the next AGM.

Greening the city is not the only role of urban and peri-urban horticulture (UPH), Accra, Ghana

For more information contact: President: Dr. George Nyarko and Convener: Francis Appiah

Final Program (pdf)

Flyer (pdf)


FAO logo


Call for experts in preparation for the International Conference on Nutrition +21 (Rome Nov. 13-15, 2013)

The first International Conference on Nutrition (ICN) was held in Rome in 1992 jointly sponsored by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO). A World Declaration and Plan of Action for Nutrition was adopted by delegates from 159 countries and the European Community who pledged to eliminate or reduce substantially starvation and famine; widespread chronic hunger; undernutrition, especially among children, women and the aged; micronutrient deficiencies, especially iron, iodine and vitamin A deficiencies; diet related communicable and non-communicable diseases; impediments to optimal breast-feeding; and inadequate sanitation, poor hygiene and unsafe drinking water. Twenty one years later it is time to review what progress has been made, identify the challenges that remain and the opportunities for improving nutrition that have since arisen. 

In preparation for the Conference, regional meetings are to be held with country level participation, a series of expert meetings organized on selected technical topics, a stakeholder consultation held with civil society, non-governmental organizations and the private sector and country case studies will be prepared including from SUN countries. These will feed into the ICN+21 itself which will be held over three days in 2013. Participants will include delegates at ministerial level of Member States of the sponsoring Organizations and representatives at the highest level from the United Nations System Organizations, other Intergovernmental Organizations, as well as experts and programme planners from NGOs, CSOs, academic institutions and the private sector involved in food and nutrition.


Anglophone Africa Regional PROFAV Workshop proves successful










The Workshop on the Promotion of Fruit and Vegetables for Health (PROFAV) was held in Arusha, Tanzania from 26 to 30 September 2011. The workshop was organized under the patronage of The Honourable Minister for Agriculture Food Security and Cooperatives of the United Republic of Tanzania. The event was supported by WHO, FAO, GlobalHort. CIRAD, NEPAD, TAHA and HODECT.  Financial contributions were provided by Belgium and France and were gratefully acknowledged.





Draft general report, conclusions and Recommendations (pdf)

Participants (pdf)


Plenary session addressed by The Honourable Minister for Agriculture Food Security and Cooperatives of the United Republic of Tanzania

Bitter gourd can be beneficial to help prevent or conrol diabetes

AVRDC - The World Vegetable Centre has just posted a news release, Bitter Gourd"Eating bitterness to beat diabetes: In any language, a recipe for health."

Shanhua, Taiwan—In line with the World Diabetes Day theme of “Act on Diabetes. Now.” AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center will distribute recipe brochures starting Monday, November 14, 2011 to promote the consumption of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia) in communities in India, Tanzania, Thailand, and Taiwan.

AVRDC Director General Dyno Keatinge will join AVRDC South Asia staff and colleagues from the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) for a Global Diabetes Walk to further raise awareness of the disease. The walk will be held November 14 on the ICRISAT campus in Hyderabad, India.

The colorful recipe brochures with preparation instructions in Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Kiswahili, Thai, and English feature tasty dishes tailored to local tastes. Bitter gourd can be eaten raw in salads or as juice, or cooked in stews, soups, or stir-fried dishes. The vegetable is already popular in India, so the brochures provide different versions of bitter gourd curry to suit regional tastes. In East Africa, bitter gourd is a relatively unknown vegetable; a stew recipe combines it with local favorite okra to please palates.

Pinstrup-Andersen Speaks at UN on his new book on African hunger: Barriers need to be broken down

To improve human health and nutrition in sub-Saharan Africa, barriers that exist between the food and health systems need to be broken down, said Per Pinstrup-Andersen speaking at the United Nations Nov. 12, and new incentives must be established to encourage multidisciplinary work.

Academics and policymakers working within the food system and human health and nutrition sectors exist in self-contained "silos" that lack collaboration across disciplines, Pinstrup-Andersen said in an interview prior to his U.N. talk, which focused on the themes of the new book, "The African Food System and Its Interaction with Human Health and Nutrition" (Cornell University Press, 2010), edited by Pinstrup-Andersen.

Anna Herforth is the author of Chapter 7, "Nutrition and the Environment: Fundamentals to Food Security in Africa."  Herforth is a recent PhD graduate in international nutrition from Cornell University and is currently working as a Nutrition Specialist at the World Bank.  She states that "There is strong evidence that households with home gardens consume more fruits and vegetables than those without home gardens." (p. 143). 

Africa's Record in Dealing with Malnutrition Dismal

The August 1, 2010 issue of African Press International reports on the African Union Summit Side-event on Food and Nutrition held in Kampala July 24-26, 2010.   

The theme of the AU meeting was “Maternal, Infant and Child Health and Development in Africa”, so it was an apt opportunity to wave the flag. “Nutrition is practically an orphan,” Mkandawire commented. About 40 percent of children younger than five in Africa are chronically malnourished.

Rémi Kahane, Executive Secretary of the Global Horticulture Initiative, a non-profit programme, said growing vegetables not only brought a better income for small-scale farmers but also improved their diet.

Giyose, Prof Richard Mkandawire, head of NEPAD’s Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), Prof John Joseph Otim, senior presidential advisor to the Ugandan government, and various other ministers, government officials, NGO and UN representatives, were keen on drawing up a statement to spur action on nutrition during the AU meeting.  Read More

Current Status of Fruits and Vegetables Production and Consumption in Francophone African Countries - Potential Impact on Health

J. Ganry, CIRAD, has recently published this article in Proc. IInd IS on Human Health Effects of F&V Acta Hort. 841, ISHS 2009 p. 249-255

This paper is a synthetic view of the situation of the production of fruits and vegetables and their availability for local consumption in francophone countries of Africa, in relation with some chronic diseases, such as diabetes and obesity. It is based on data from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) and information collected through a survey made in each of the twenty francophone countries of Africa and Indian Ocean. The survey was in preparation of the workshop on “Promotion of fruits and vegetable for health in francophone African countries”, held in Yaounde, Cameroon, on 23-26th of October, in the framework of the FAO-WHO initiative.

There is a great diversity of situations related to the geographic position, the cultural traditions behaviour and economic situation. Very few countries are reaching the recommended intake of 400g of fruits and vegetables per capita and per day. These are humid-forest countries including Cameroon, Gabon, Guinea, Rwanda, and Burundi, where banana and plantains are the fruits most consumed. On the other side, the situation in Sahelian countries like Burkina-Faso, Chad, Mali, and Mauritania is even worse with an availability below one third of the critical level.

A first analysis of data from FAO and WHO is supporting the assumption of a relation between a low consumption of fruits and vegetable and a high prevalence of chronic diseases like diabetes and obesity in some conditions. (...full article)

PROFEL - Bulletin d'information will keep you Informed in Promoting Horticulture for Health in Africa

Le lancement de ce bulletin s’inscrit pleinement dans cette dynamique de communication dont l’objectif est de maintenir les liens entre les participants à l’atelier de Yaoundé, d’y associer le pays qui n’ont pas pu y être représentés et de sensibiliser l’ensemble des acteurs concernés par cette initiative à l’importance de la promotion des fruits et légumes pour la santé face aux enjeux de sécurité alimentaire, de santé publique et de lutte contre la pauvreté en Afrique sub-saharienne.

The communication objective of this newly launched newsletter has the clear intent to support links between the participants in the workshop of Yaoundé, to link it the countries that could not be represented and to sensitize all the actors concerned with this initiative relating to the importance of the promotion of fruits and vegetables for health faced with the issues of food security, public health and conflict against poverty in sub-Saharan Africa. 

Bulletin PROFEL en Afrique #5 Oct, 2009

Bulletin PROFEL en Afrique #4 Feb-Mr, 2009

Bulletin PROFEL en Afrique #3 Jan, 2009

Bulletin PROFEL en Afrique #2 Nov-Dec, 2008

Bulletin PROFEL en Afrique #1 Oct, 2008

PROFEL Poster: Les Pays du Sud Feb, 2009

Promotion of Fruit and Vegetables consumption workshop - PROFAV - for the English-speaking countries of Africa: First framework draft July 21, 2008

Christelle Monier
 Agro-Ecologue INRA/CIRAD
International and National Cooperation in Horticultural Science
TA B103/PS4
Boulevard de la Lironde
34398 Montpellier Cedex 5
Tel: +33 (0)467615800, demander le poste 5482
Fax : + 33 (0)467617564

Promotion de la consommation des fruits et légumes (PROFEL) / Promotion of the Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables (PROFAV)

Workshop on the Promotion of Fruit and Vegetables in Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa, October 23-25, 2007, Yaoundé, Cameroon

IRAD and CIRAD, on the initiative of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO), organized this workshop on the "Promotion of Fruit and Vegetables in Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa" (PROFEL) that was attended by 76 experts from 16 African countries, and many representatives of international organizations.  The conclusion was that horticultre, health and education must work together to mitigate poor nutrition and poverty in Africa.  GlobalHort offered to host further PROFEL information on its GlobalHort website and will provide further support in any way it can. At the meeting RADHort looked at the linkages between PROFEL and RADHort and suggestions were made pertaining to changes in its statutes and management. 

International Fruit and Vegetable Summit, May 27-30, 2008, Paris, France.

The first International Fruit and Vegetable Summit, was held in Paris with the support of EGEA♣ (planners of the International Conference of the Health Benefits of Fruit and Vegetables), IFAVA (the International Fruit and Vegetables Alliance), in relation with WHO (the World Health Organization), FAO (the Food and Agriculture Organization) and UNESCO (the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization).  The focus was on a global and multisectoral approach geared to increase fruit and vegetable consumption. For many years, there have been parallel efforts across sectors to increase fruit and vegetable consumption, with research and education campaigns by the public health and scientific communities and nongovernmental organizations on the one hand, and marketing campaigns by the fruit and vegetable industry on the other. Building upon the strength of the EGEA and IFAVA conferences and symposiums, this joint international conference gathered key stakeholders to capitalize on cross-sectoral expertise to find solutions to this important issue. (...More in English; More in French)

♣  A series of conferences organized with commercial sponsorship from Freshfel and Aprifel.  Egea refers to the first conference devised near the Egean (Aegean) Sea.

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